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Lifelong physical activity increases bone density in men
Source:
 Science Daily

Men have many reasons to add high-impact and resistance training to their exercise regimens; these reasons include building muscle and shedding fat. Now a researcher has determined another significant benefit to these activities: building bone mass. The study found that individuals who continuously participated in high-impact activities, such as jogging and tennis, during adolescence and young adulthood, had greater hip and lumbar spine bone mineral density than those who did not.

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Hip dysplasia: When is surgery required?
Source:
 Medical Xpress

What causes hip dysplasia in adults, and can it be treated without a total hip replacement?.

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Newer UKR prosthesis for patients with osteoarthritis achieved satisfactory results
Source:
 Healio

Patients who received a newer prosthesis similar to the Miller-Galante knee design showed significantly better Knee Society function scores than patients who had a long-used prosthesis to which it was compared. However, the two implants performed about the same at short-term follow-up, according to a presenter.

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Treatment of Locked Posterior Shoulder Dislocation With Bone Defect
Source:
 Healio

Posterior shoulder dislocation is rare, and in most cases, it occurs secondary to violent trauma, seizures, or electric shock.1 Approximately 50% of these dislocations are associated with reverse Hill-Sachs lesions.2 Hill and Sachs3 described the lesion in an anterior shoulder dislocation caused by engagement of the humeral head into the glenoid edge and located posterosuperiorly in the head.

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Study on use of umbilical cord vs. biocellulose film for antenatal spina bifida repair
Source:
 Medical Xpress

In a study to be presented on Feb. 5 in an oral plenary session, at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting, in Atlanta, researchers will present findings from a study titled, Cryopreserved Human Umbilical Cord (HUC) vs. Biocellulose Film (BCF) for Antenatal Spina Bifida Repair.

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ORIF, new casting method showed similar results for unstable ankle fractures
Source:
 Healio

Treatment of overtly unstable malleolar fractures with close contact casting showed outcomes equivalent to those of open reduction and internal fixation among elderly patients and were associated with a cost reduction in results of a multicenter study presented at the Orthopaedic Trauma Association Annual Meeting, here.

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Rates of Complications and Secondary Surgeries After In Situ Cubital Tunnel Release Compared With Ulnar Nerve Transposition: A Retrospective Review
Source:
 JHS

The short-term complication rates of cubital tunnel surgery are low (3.2%), but higher for patients with chronic kidney disease. The secondary surgery rate after cubital tunnel surgery was 5.7% overall, but higher for patients with prior elbow trauma and for patients undergoing ulnar nerve transposition.

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Care of Shoulder Pain in the Overhead Athlete
Source:
 Healio

Shoulder complaints are common in the overhead athlete. Understanding the biomechanics of throwing and swimming requires understanding the importance of maintaining the glenohumeral relationship of the shoulder.

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Patient-reported results, knee stability improved after all-inside double-bundle ACL reconstruction
Source:
 Healio

Investigators found significant improvements from preoperative measures at 24.8-month follow-up for both mean side-to-side differences and Lysholm scores in patients who underwent double-bundle ACL reconstruction using a special drill pin guide and reamer, along with a laser-guided device to facilitate a transtibial approach.

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Study supports efficacy of closed reduction, percutaneous fixation of crescent-fracture dislocations
Source:
 Healio

Recently published data highlight the safety and efficacy of closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation for the treatment of crescent fracture-dislocation of the sacroiliac joint and indicate satisfactory function and radiographic outcomes with the procedure.

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Imaging identifies cartilage regeneration in long-distance runners
Source:
 RSNA News

Using a mobile MRI truck, researchers followed runners for 4,500 kilometers through Europe to study the physical limits and adaptation of athletes over a 64-day period, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

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Debridement cited as better initial option to treat infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty
Source:
 Healio

Results from a retrospective, multicenter study by French researchers that investigated treatment options for infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty supported the use of debridement as a first-line treatment, but noted this option had a 54% healing rate.

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Innovative tissue engineering strategies to repair spinal disc herniation
Source:
 Medical Xpress

New therapeutic approaches to repair herniated discs in the lumbar spine using novel tissue engineering and regenerative medicine strategies have shown promising outcomes in preclinical studies and target the underlying problem of disc injury or instability, unlike current nonsurgical and surgical treatments.

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Anatomic Variation in Volar Tilt of the Scaphoid and Lunate Facet of the Distal Radius
Source:
 JHS

This study aimed to investigate the anatomy of the articular surface of the distal radius, in particular measuring the angle between the dorsal and volar rims at several points from radial to ulnar, to ascertain whether volar tilt is uniform between the scaphoid and lunate facet and to explore consistency between standard lateral and ATL views.

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Martial arts can be hazardous to kids
Source:
 Medical Xpress

Perhaps there's a black belt in your child's future. But for safety's sake, kids should only engage in noncontact forms of martial arts, a new American Academy of Pediatrics report says.

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Rate of injuries among youth soccer players doubled, new study finds
Source:
 Science Daily

From 1990 through 2014, the number of soccer-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the US each year increased by 78 percent and the yearly rate of injuries increased by 111 percent among youth 7-17 years of age, a new article reports.

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Morbidly obese, nonobese patients experienced similar outcomes after revision THA
Source:
 Healio

No differences found in incidence of complications or survivorship free of reoperation or rerevision.

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Study finds predictors for ACL injury are dissimilar between male and female athletes
Source:
 Healio

Except for increased anterior-posterior knee laxity, results from this study indicated female athletes and male athletes were not similar with regard to predictors for first-time noncontact ACL injury.

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Technique pearls for revision shoulder arthroplasty aid in preventing fracture, preserving bone stock
Source:
 Healio

We present simple techniques for revision shoulder arthroplasty using a telescoping osteotome technique for glenoid removal, an open-book (vertical) osteotomy technique for extraction of the humeral stem and the use of an ultrasonic device and carbide burr for clearing bone and cement mantles.

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Two biomarkers that contribute to spine osteoarthritis
Source:
 Science Daily

A research team has discovered a pair of tissue biomarkers that directly contribute to the harmful joint degeneration associated with spine osteoarthritis.

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Plantar pressures are higher in cases with diabetic foot ulcers compared to controls despite a longer stance phase duration
Source:
 MD Linx

The researchers motive behind this study was to survey if plantar pressures were higher in patients with active plantar diabetic foot ulcers (cases) compared to diabetic patients without a foot ulcer history (diabetes controls) and people without diabetes or a foot ulcer history (healthy controls).

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Surgery that restores hand and elbow function in quadriplegics is underused
Source:
 Science daily

A surgery for quadriplegics called tendon transfer can significantly improve hand and elbow function, but the procedure is greatly underused, according to an article in the journal Hand Clinics by Loyola Medicine hand surgeon Michael S. Bednar, MD, FAAOS.

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Pregnancy and gait: From foot pain to fall prevention
Source:
 Lower Extremity Review

Researchers are investigating how changes during pregnancy may affect the lower extremities in the long term, as well as ways to treat and prevent these issues.

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